Ancient town in Humayma (Hawara/Auara)
The town of Humayma was founded by the Nabataean King Aretas III in the 1st century BC, and called Hawara by Nabataean, later changed to Havarra by the Roman (Auarain Greek). Humayma was important town in trade route connecting Petra and Aqaba. In the 1st century, the Roman military fort was installed here, as a strategic important point along the Roman road (Via Nova Traiana). In the 8th century, the Abbasid, who lived in Humayma, began to overthrow actions against the Umayyad dynasty. You can explore archaeological ruins such as the Nabataean reservoir, the Roman fort, the Byzantine church and the Abbasid palace and mosque.
Tel (Visitor Center) 962- (0) 78-7246871
Visitor center 29°57’01.9”N 35°20’48.8”E (29.950534,35.346884)
Roman fort 29°57’10.3”N 35°20’52.5”E (29.952864,35.347907)
Abbasid palace 29°57’00.3”N 35°20’45.1”E (29.950078, 35.345856)
Visitor center Roman fort Abbasid palace
Also known as ‘The Valley of the Moon’, this is the place where Prince Faisal Bin Hussein and T.E. Lawrence based their headquarters during the Arab Revolt against the Ottomans in the First World War, their exploits intrinsically woven into the history of this amazing area.
Nabataean Temple In the desert of Wadi Rum, you will discover plenty of Thamudic inscriptions, drawing of humans, camels, ibex, hunters and footprints. Wadi Rum is the place where you can see traditional hospitality culture of Bedouins
Entrance Fees (Wadi Rum Reserve): 3 JD (To be paid in the Visitor Center)
Tel (Visitor Center) 962- (0) 3-2090600
GPS: (Visitor Center) 29°38’21.5”N 35°26’03.3”E (29.639301, 35.434247)
Visitor Center website
Aqaba/Ancient town (Ayla) and Mamluk Fort in Aqaba
Aqaba’s long history dates back to pre-biblical times, when it was known as Ayla. King Solomon built a naval port called Ezion Geber in the Red Sea coast, somewhere around Aqaba. From 106 AD, the Romans used Ayla as their trading sea port, and constructed new Roman road (Via Nova Traiana) connecting Bostra in Syria and Ayla. In the 12th century, the Crusaders captured the city, but Salah ed-Din retook Ayla. When the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt took control of the region, they renamed the city Aqaba and, in the 14th century, built the town’s famous Mamluk Fort. Aqaba was taken from the Ottomans in 1917 by Arab forces together with T. E. Lawrence.
Aqaba website: http://www.aqaba.jo/
Tel (Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities) 962- (0) 3-2013363
GPS:Medieval Ayla 29°31’52.8”N 35°00’00.9”E (29.531345,35.000262)
Mamluk Fort 29°31’18.6”N 35°00’07.4”E (29.521835,35.002058)
Aqaba Tourist Information Center 29°31’46.6”N, 35°00’09.1”E (29.529607, 35.002513)
The House of Sharif Hussein Bin Ali
This traditional stone-built house with courtyard in the center locates by the Great Arab Revolt Plaza with a large flag of the Arab Revolt. Sharif Hussein Bin Ali (1853-1931) lived for six months here after the First World War.
GPS: 29°31’17.8”N 35°00’05.1”E (29.521605,35.001421)
Worlds’ Oldest Church
This late Roman mud brick building at Aqaba, built around 300 AD, is probably the world’s oldest known purpose-built church. Part of the church was said to be destroyed by a large earthquake in 363 AD.
GPS: 29°32’01.6”N 34°59’56.4”E (29.533774, 34.999010)
Aqaba Heritage Museum
Located next to the Fishermen Harbour, the Aqaba Heritage Museum narrates the traditional fishery village life in Aqaba. Traditional houses of fishermen families with palm tree beam and shark-head decorations on the wall, courtyard (Housh), garden (Hafira), and shop in old Aqaba are reconstructed. The exhibition narrates the history of Aqaba with historical photos, traditional fishery technology, shipbuilding, and music instruments (Simsimyyah) played on ships by fishermen.
Opening Hours: 8:00-14:30
Entrance Fees: Free
GPS: 29°31’13.4”N 35°00’03.7”E (29.520401,35.001040)