Old Caravan station in Dawsaq
Located in the suburb of Shawbak, Dusaq was a station for the caravan visiting the Shawbak castle in medieval period. Medieval Hajj route left the King’s Highway in Dusaq, then headed southeast towards Udruh near Petra and Ma’an, and went into the desert of Arabia to finally reach Medina and Mecca.
GPS: 30°31’14.9”N 35°36’58.2”E (30.520802, 35.616176)
A lonely reminder of former Crusader glory is the Showbak Castle, less than an hour north of Petra. Once called “Mont Real,” Showbak dates from the same turbulent period as Karak. It is perched on the side of a mountain, with a grand sweep of fruit trees below. The castle’s exterior is impressive, with a foreboding gate and encircling triple wall. Despite the precautions of its builder, the fortress fell to Salah al-Din only 75 years after it was raised. Inscriptions by his proud successors appear on the castle wall. Visitor center has display of folklore artifacts in the region.
Opening Hours: Daytime
Entrance Fee: Free of charge
GPS: (Visitor Center) 30°31’55.8”N 35°33’33.2”E
Spring of Moses (Ain Musa)
During the Exodus, Moses and the people passed through the Petra area in Edom. It is said that the spring at Wadi Musa (Valley of Moses) is the place where Moses struck the rock and brought forth water (Numbers 20:10-11). This spring is one of the important source providing precious water to the ancient city of Petra by aqueduct.
Until today, local people are using water from this spring.
GPS: 30°19’27.1”N 35°29’52.1”E (30.324182, 35.497804)
Wadi Musa (Valley of Moses)-ElJi Village
The town of Wadi Musa, which is the gateway to Petra, was called “Gaia” in antiquity, and it is where the Nabataean people settled. Gorgeous Nabataean villas were excavated in the center of Wadi Musa, and beautiful fresco paintings and floor mosaics were revealed, which you can see reconstructed in the Jordan Museum in Amman. The old village of Wadi Musa was called Elji. When the Swiss traveler Burckhardt re-discovered Petra in 1812, he started his expedition to Petra from Elji village. Stone-made heritage houses of the old village of Elji are still kept in the center of Wadi Musa. You can also see traditional agricultural field irrigated by water channel which brings water from springs, same as ancient Nabataean.
The old village of Elji: View from outside only.
GPS: Elji Village 30°19’12.6”N 35°28’42.1”E (30.320175,35.478372)
Petra is a vast, unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans who settled here more than 2000 years ago. In the classical time, one of the East Mediterranean’s greatest trading center was located in Petra, in particular trading of frankincense and myrrh
from southern Arabia to the Mediterranean world. Petra flourished under the Nabataean kingdom from the 3rd century BC until the early 2nd century AD, and called “Raqmu” by the Nabataean. In 106 it was finally occupied by the Roman Emperor, Trajan.
Opening Hours: 6:00-18:00 (summer), 6:00- 16:00 (winter)
Entrance fees: 50 JD (1 Day/Non-Jordanian)
Tel (Visitor Center) 962- (0) 3-2157093
GPS: (Main Gate/Visitor Center) 30°19’28.0”N
35°28’04.2”E (30.324441, 35.467843)
Located in the entrance of Petra Archaeological Park, this museum is the place to discover lost mystery of ancient red rose city of Petra, such as Nabataean religion, lifestyle, trade, language, housing. royal family etc, with display of excavated artifacts from the Petra region.
Opening Hours: 8:00-18:00 (summer), 8:00- 16:00(winter)
Entrance fees: Included in Petra archaeological park ticket
Tel 962- (0) 3-2157093
GPS: 30°19'30.3"N 35°28'04.8"E (30.325081, 35.468007)
Edomite Settlement and Nabataean Palace in Umm el-Biyara (Petra)
Located on the top of the mountain in the west end of Petra, overlooking colonnaded street and Qasr al Bint, this site was settled by the Edomite people in the Iron Age, before city of Petra was flourished by the Nabataean. Archaeologists also excavated the Nabataean palace’s structure probably related with Nabataean royals.
Location: Inside Petra’s Archaeological Park
Note: To reach Umm el-Biraya, you need to climb up steep mountain paths starting from the point behind Qasr al-Bint. A guide is required to explore the site.
GPS: 30°19’35.0”N 35°26’03.8”E (30.326389,35.434389)
Tomb of Aaron
Aaron, the brother of Moses and Miriam, died in Jordan and was buried in Petra at Mount Aaron (Jabal Harun in Arabic). The Byzantine monastery of Aaron, and later in the Mamluk period (14th century) the shrine/tomb of Aaron was built on the summit of the mountain, which has attracted pilgrims from all over the world.
Location: Inside Petra’s Archaeological Park
Note: Although this site is inside Petra’s Archaeological Park, it needs long hours of trekking to reach there. It is recommended to visit with a guide.
GPS: 30°19’01.7”N 35°24’23.9”E (30.317132,35.406646)
Medieval Castle of Wu’eira
The Castle of Wuiera was built by the Crusader between 1127 and 1131 AD, after the Crusader built the castle of Shawbak in 1115 AD. Almost at the same time, the fortress of El-Habis, located near Qasr al-Bint inside Petra’s Archaeological Park, was also built by the Crusader. However, in 1188, this castle was fallen into Ayyubid’s hand by Salah ed-Din, during the fall of the Karak Castle. You can explore and find parts of the castle wall and towers.
Location: Near Movenpick Petra Hotel (on the way to Beidha)
GPS: (Viewpoint) 30°19’49.3”N 35°28’08.5”E (30.330366, 35.469021
Siq el-Barid (Little Petra)
Located in the suburbs of the ancient city of Petra, this place was a station for caravans visiting Petra. In the Nabataean period, it was crowded with traders and merchants leading large camel caravans from Arabia to the Mediterranean. Don’t miss the Painted House with artistic fresco paintings on the ceiling, depicting Pan playing flute, winged cupid and vine leaves.
GPS: (Entrance) 30°22’30.7”N 35°27’05.5”E (30.375187,35.451522)
Spring of Brak (Ain Brak)
Ain Brak is the one of water source for the ancient city of Petra. Water channel was connected from this spring to the center of Petra via High Place of Sacrifice.
Khirbet Nawafleh and Edomite Settlement of Tawilan
Khiebet Nawafleh is the traditional village built above the Nabataean, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic site. Tawilan is Edomite settlement site back to Iron Age
Traditional village of Taybeh
Taybeh is the traditional village back to Ottoman era. Stone-built traditional house are preserved and currently used as resort hotel